pronunciation in linguistics

 

1) Listen to the following words on the course Website (under “Announcements”) and set up
syllables for each of them:
a) hamster
b) explain
c) linguistics

2) Consider the following data from Hungarian:
/kalap/ ‘hat’ /kalapban/ ‘in hat’
/patak/ ‘stream’ /patakban/ ‘in stream’
/leves/ ‘soup’ /levesben/ ‘in soup’
/tutaj/ ‘raft’ /tutajban/ ‘in raft’
/liget/ ‘grove’ /ligetben/ ‘in grove’

a) What are the two forms of the morpheme that mean “in” in Hungarian.
1) / / 2) / /

b) Can you predict where each allomorph occurs? If so, how would you say the
following in Hungarian?
/elem/ ‘battery’ /_______________ / ‘in battery’

c) Justify your answer by completing the following sentence and referring to its environment:
For the Hungarian word /elem/, I chose the allomorph /_______ / because it occurs
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

 

3) All of the following words (from a Veracruz dialect of Aztec, a language of Mexico)
consist of more than one morpheme.
a) timana ‘you (sg) cook’
b) nimana ‘I cook’
c) kimana ‘he cooks’
d) nikmana ‘I cook it’
e) nikmanaʔ ‘I cooked it’
f) tikmanas ‘you (sg) will cook it’
g) kikmanati ‘he is going to cook it’

a) Try to match each of the following notions with a morpheme in the Veracruz data.
I =
you (sg) =
he =
it =
(to) cook =

b) How would you say the following in Veracruz:
I will cook it =
he cooked it =
you (sg) are going to cook it =
you (sg) cooked =

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